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Health News of Friday, 31 December 2021

Source: bbc.com

South Africa says Omicron wave may have peaked

South Africa has lifted overnight curfew rules South Africa has lifted overnight curfew rules

South Africa has lifted overnight curfew rules, with officials saying the country may have passed the peak of its fourth wave of coronavirus infections.

A government statement said the Omicron variant, while highly transmissible, had seen lower hospitalisation rates than previous waves.

There had been a marginal increase in the number of deaths, it added.

The variant first reported by South Africa last month is spreading fast elsewhere leading to widespread curbs.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has warned of a "tsunami" of infections from Delta and Omicron variants that could overwhelm health systems.

But in South Africa, a statement released after a special cabinet meeting said cases and hospital admission rates had dropped in almost all provinces across the country.

For the week ending 25 December 2021, the number of confirmed infections stood at 89,781 down from 127,753 the week before.

The changes announced include lifting restrictions on movement between midnight and 04:00. Businesses will also be allowed to sell alcohol under normal licensing rules, instead of closing at 23:00.

Overnight curfew rules of varying severities have been in place since a national state of disaster was declared in late March 2020.

The country still has "spare capacity for admission of patients even for routine health services" despite the Omicron wave, officials said.

The public are still being urged to get vaccinated and follow public health protocols, including mandatory mask-wearing.

Gatherings remain capped at 1,000 people indoors and 2,000 outdoors or 50% at venue capacity to allow for social distancing.

The National Coronavirus Command Council (NCCC) will monitor the situation and make adjustments if necessary or if hospital pressure increases, officials said.

South Africa has recorded almost 3.5 million coronavirus cases and more than 90,000 deaths during the pandemic - more than any other country in Africa.

Many countries around the world are battling the Omicron wave while weighing up restrictions:

Israel has approved a fourth coronavirus vaccination, the director-general of its health ministry said. The country reported its highest number of cases since September on Thursday.

France has reported more than 200,000 cases for a second day in a row.

In India, a spike in coronavirus infections has prompted the government to tighten restrictions, including night curfews in all major cities.

Germany has announced it will lift strict travel rules for people arriving from countries hardest hit by Omicron in early January, including the UK.

Portugal has reduced the period of self-isolation for asymptomatic coronavirus and contact cases from 10 to seven days.